Spadolini, Giovanni


Spadolini, Giovanni
(1923–1994)
   The first prime minister of the Italian republic not to be a member of the Democrazia Cristiana/Christian Democracy Party (DC), Giovanni Spadolini was one of the few first-rank figures in recent Italian history whose reputation was enhanced by his years at the head of the principal institutions of the state. Spadolini was a latecomer to political life. Before 1972, when he was elected to the Senate on the Partito Repubblicano Italiano/Italian Republican Party (PRI) ticket, Spadolini had been a successful newspaperman for more than 20 years. Since 1968, in fact, he had been editor of Italy’s most prestigious newspaper, Corriere della Sera.
   Spadolini served as a minister twice in the 1970s. Between 1974 and 1976, he was minister for cultural heritage. In 1979 he became minister for education. In the same year, he replaced Ugo La Malfa as leader of the PRI, a position he retained until 1987. In June 1981, Spadolini headed the first government containing all five main noncommunist parties, the so-called pentapartito. His premiership was dominated by financial-political scandals and by the mafia’s increasingly assertive and brutal role in Sicily, but Spadolini and the PRI emerged from this period in Italian history with their reputations enhanced. In the June 1983 elections, the PRI obtained more than 5 percent, its best showing since the war.
   During the governments of Bettino Craxi, Spadolini was minister for defense (July 1983 to March 1987), although he briefly resigned in objection to Craxi’s position during the Achille Lauro dispute in October 1985. Spadolini fervently supported Italy’s membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and saw no utility in antagonizing Italy’s most powerful ally. Spadolini was president of the Senate from 1987 to 1994, and in 1991 he was made a life senator. In April 1994, he was the center-left’s candidate for the presidency of the Senate, but he lost by a single vote. Spadolini was a hugely successful writer of popular history books and a leading scholar of the Giolittian period in Italian history. A noted bibliophile, his private library contained thousands of rare books. He died in August 1994.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Spadolini, Giovanni — ▪ 1995       Italian politician (b. June 21, 1925, Florence, Italy d. Aug. 4, 1994, Rome, Italy), was a prominent and respected elected official, editor, and author. Spadolini earned his law degree from the University of Florence, and at age 25… …   Universalium

  • Spadolini, Giovanni — (Firenze 1925 Roma 1994) scrittore e storico; giornalista; uomo politico …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Spadolini — Giovanni Spadolini (* 21. Juni 1925 in Florenz; † 4. August 1994 in Rom) war ein italienischer Journalist, Historiker und Politiker des liberalen Partito Repubblicano Italiano. Giovanni Spadolini (2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giovanni Spadolini — (* †21 de junio de 1925 4 de agosto de 1994), nacido en Florencia era un político liberal italiano, miembro del Partido Republicano Italiano. Se desempeñó como Presidente del Consejo de Ministros de Italia entre 1989 y 1990, el último Primer… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Spadolini — Spadolini,   Giovanni, italienischer Politiker, Historiker und Journalist, * Florenz 21. 6. 1925, ✝ Rom 4. 8. 1994; war 1950 68 Professor für moderne Geschichte in Florenz; wurde 1972 Senator (Partito Repubblicano Italiano, PRI); war u. a. 1974… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Giovanni Spadolini — Mandats 65e président du Conseil italien 28 juin 1981 – 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giovanni Spadolini — (2. von rechts) 1982 Giovanni Spadolini (* 21. Juni 1925 in Florenz; † 4. August 1994 in Rom) war ein italienischer Journalist, Historiker und Politiker des liberalen Partito Repubblicano …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giovanni Goria — 47th Prime Minister of Italy In office 28 July 1987 – 13 April 1988 President Francesco Cossiga Deputy Giuliano Amato …   Wikipedia

  • Giovanni Goria — Mandats 69e président du Conseil italien 28 juillet 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giovanni Giolitti — Mandats 19e, 25e, 29e, 32e et 37e président du Conseil italien …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.